Photo by Christian Watson
“Don’t let yesterday
take up too much of
today” –Will Rogers
By Angie Fenton
Depending on which statistics you go by, less than 1 percent of us
will ever complete a marathon. Paul Erway, who is featured on our
cover, has completed 50 in 50 states in 50 weeks. As impressive
as that is – and it is undeniably impressive – that’s not what struck
me most about his story, which was written by writer Steve Kaufman
(you can find it on page 16).
It’s one thing to share a tale of physical resolve, but Paul also was
candid about the pitfalls and harsh challenges, including the moment
when he contemplated ending it all. Admitting this out loud and
allowing yourself to be vulnerable enough to do so takes strength.
That is what struck me the most about Paul’s story, his willingness to
be so candid about enduring such despair and the remarkable way
he was able to pull himself out of it by reaching out to help others
as he also developed into a phenomenal athlete. I encourage you
to not only read his story but also read his book.
In the January issue of Extol Sports, we featured Brad Luttrell,
co-founder and CEO of GoWild, an app for people who love the
outdoors. Thanks to the popularity, Brad recently left his job at
OOHology to focus full-time on GoWild. “This app has taken off
faster than I ever imagined,“ said Brad when I asked for an update.
“We’ve slowed our marketing efforts down and are still adding 80
people per day to the app. With revenue up 500 percent so far this
year, and a lot of advertiser inquiries coming in, I just felt that if I
was ever going to give this thing my full attention, this was it. I’m so
grateful for all of the people who have helped GoWild so far, from my
family to my team at OOHology to our investors. It’s been an exciting
and wild ride thus far. Here’s to what’s next.” Congratulations to the
GoWild team and here’s to their continued success!
Photos and Story by Miranda McDonald
A Program That’s Giving Back
Micah Cargin has been practicing yoga for
himself for almost a decade. However, with the
launch of his youth program, Humble Warrior,
he will be using his knowledge of this practice
to give back to the local community.
“I always knew I wanted to give back to the
community in some way. Giving back to those
in need is something my family engrained in me
from an early age,” states Cargin as he unrolls his
yoga mat onto the wooden floor at KMAC. We are
at the local museum to talk about the launch of
Humble Warrior, and to photograph him practicing
yoga in the beautiful space.
Humble Warrior is a program that will work with
community centers and organizations to introduce
youth in economically-depressed areas to yoga.
It will do this by creating a network of certified
yoga teachers with diverse backgrounds that
will serves as mentors to these children. Cargin
believes the diversity of this network is key to the
success of the program.
“Being a black male who practices yoga, I
believe I have a unique voice that can make a
real impact in urban areas and the parts of town
that many yoga studios may not ever think to host
classes in. Most of the yoga studios are clustered
in certain areas, because that is where the current
interest is. However, many of the people in living
in these places have never even been exposed to
yoga,” explains Cargin.
Cargin believes introducing yoga to local youth
in these urban areas is important, because yoga
is not solely a physical activity. It also teaches
mindfulness and awareness.
“Yoga has helped me be more aware of my
inner thoughts and emotions, and has also helped
me with how I process them. Practicing can give
these kids another outlet for processing their
Humble Warrior will first launch as a pilot program with a yoga
initiative this year, but Cargin won’t stop there. Over the next few
years the philanthropist plans to grow Humble Warrior into an
organization that hosts teacher trainings for those wishing to open
their own practice. Cargin also plans to use Humble Warrior as a
program that exposes impoverished youth to a variety of outlets
centered around the arts that may not otherwise be available to them.
This very idea that every child deserves access to a variety of
mediums that allow them to positively express themselves and
improve their situation is one that keeps Cargin moving forward
in his journey to turn Humble Warrior into a program that will
eventually spread to other cities across the country.
“I hope we can inspire these kids to try something different
by giving them the opportunity and tools they need to do so.
We want them to learn to be comfortable with the idea of being
Humble Warrior Contact Info:
(*Micah is in the middle of launching this, so his site is still under
construction. However, he will have this completely up and
verified before this hits the shelves.)
By Erica Coghill
Join author Laura Vanderkam 6 to 8 p.m. March 12 at The Olmsted
for Norton Healthcare’s upcoming Go Confidently speaker event.
Have you ever uttered the words,
“If only I had more time?” Of course,
we all have.
No matter your lifestyle, family
unit, professional or personal
demands, you’ve no doubt been
overwhelmed by feeling like there
aren’t enough hours in the day.
We caught up with time
management expert and bestselling
author Laura Vanderkam for some
quick tips on how to make the most
of the time we have. She’ll be dishing
out a lot more during the March 12
installment of Norton Healthcare’s
free Go Confidently speaker series.
Mastering the Balancing Act
Time management is something
most of us have struggled with.
Even Vanderkam is no stranger
to the struggle. About 10 years ago,
the then-new-mom was faced with
an uncharted challenge: How do I
master the balancing act of parent
“I knew I wanted to do both
things,” Vanderkam said. “I was
drawn to people who were doing
both — succeeding personally and
She set out on a mission to slow
the proverbial flying of time, or at
least better manipulate it. What she
found is that people who seem to
have it all don’t have more time than
the rest of us — they’re just using it
in ways that are helping them build
the lives they want.
“There’s no perfect hack to free
up all kinds of time in your life; no
special trick with email or special
thing around the house to make
chores magically take less time,”
No one particular thing will change
your life completely, but Vanderkam
suggests a number of strategies you
can implement to make the most of
Identify What’s Important to You
“What will change your life is
deciding, ‘Even though the house
is messy, I want to read this book,’ ”
Many people wait until everything
else is taken care of before doing
the things they want to do. Ringing
phones and overflowing inboxes are
just a couple things that demand our
“If you spend all of your time on
those things, the day can get away
from you – the week, month, year –
and then you never spend time on
the things that are important but not
necessarily clamoring for attention,”
Think about what you want to
spend more time doing – and do it.
“That unread email will still
be there, but you will have made
progress on the thing that is important
to you,” Vanderkam said.
Journal Your Time
Vanderkam says one of the best
ways to get a sense of where your
time is going is to write it down in a
journal. People generally think they
have a good idea of where their time
is going, but until they journal it, they
don’t have a realistic sense of how
it’s being used.
Once she started tracking her time,
she learned that even though she
works from home, she was spending
a lot more time on the road than she
“I realized I was spending about
an hour a day in the car for various
things that weren’t a daily commute,
and I wasn’t doing anything with that
time that was meaningful to me,”
She decided to make better use
of her time in the car by listening
to audiobooks and podcasts while
behind the wheel.
Build Space in Your Schedule
Saying that you don’t have enough
time is an excuse. If something is a
priority, you will make time for it. If
it’s not a priority, Vanderkam reminds
us that it is OK to say no. You are in
control of your time.
“Time is a choice,” she said.
“Of course, there will be terrible
consequences if you don’t make
certain choices, but in the long run
it is a choice.”
Many success f u l people
Vanderkam has studied have a
surprising amount of open space in
“Being busy is not a badge of
honor,” she said.
Open space invites opportunity in
a way that a cluttered calendar just
can’t do. It’s about realizing that we
don’t have to do everything.
Plan, Plan, Plan
Planning is key. It’s something
Vanderkam didn’t do earlier in her life.
“I realized that people who were
having fun weekends, as opposed to
weekends that were all chores, were
thinking ahead to make sure they
had time for things that were fun
and rejuvenating,” she said.
Thinking through her weekends
ahead of time is a strategy Vanderkam
adopted when she became a mother.
Scheduling activities in advance helps
ensure everyone’s needs are met and
the things that are important to us
Planning doesn’t mean you have
to relinquish spontaneity in your life.
“You just need to get the structure
in place and then you can be
spontaneous within it,” Vanderkam
For example, if you and your
partner have a babysitter for the
night, you can create spontaneity
within that planned evening away
from the kids. Maybe you choose to
walk or drive around a neighborhood
and spontaneously select a spot to
dine for the evening.
Think in Terms of 168 Hours
You may feel like there aren’t
enough hours in the day, but there
are plenty of hours in the week – 168
to be exact. Vanderkam challenges
people to stop pressuring ourselves to
accomplish it all within 24 hours and
start thinking in terms of 168 hours.
“Many people find this to be a
complete breakthrough in terms of
no longer feeling like they are failing
at everything,” she said. “Just because
something didn’t happen today, we
don’t have to say it is not a priority in
our life or it is not important to us.”
One example of how this can yield
positive results is with exercise. If you
didn’t exercise today, you’re not a
failure. Just make sure you find time
for it within the 168 hours. Maybe
you choose to exercise four times
per week — you’ve got a full seven
days to make that goal happen. There
won’t be a perfect time every single
day for exercise. You have to make it
happen when you can.
Vanderkam will discuss these
ideas, among others, at Norton
Healthcare’s Go Confidently speaker
event March 12. The talk will be from
6 to 8 p.m. at The Olmsted, 3701
Frankfort Ave., in Louisville.
Go Confidently is a free public
event. Register by calling 502.629.1234
or go to NortonHealthcare.com/
Learn mor e about t ime
management in Vanderkam’s books,
“168 Hours: You Have More Time
Than You Think” and “I Know How
She Does It: How Successful Women
Make the Most of Their Time.”
By Steve Kaufman
Photos by Tony Bennett
Paul Erway completed 50 marathons in 50 states in 50 weeks.
Now he’s racing to help others in any way he can.
In 2013, Paul Erway completed 50 marathons
in 50 states in 50 weeks.
One of those was the Boston Marathon, the
year of the bombing.
Notice that this writer didn’t say Erway “runs” in
these marathons. Because he doesn’t. He wheels.
An automobile accident in 1980, the weekend
before he was to graduate from college, left him a
paraplegic, with no feeling or movement from the
chest down. He has been confined to a wheelchair
for 38 years.
He jokes that before the accident, he had studied
animal husbandry in college with the intention of
working in horse “reining” – an American version
of dressage. “If not for the accident, I might be
living in a trailer beside a horse stable, mucking
stalls. Now I’ve gotten to go overseas and to every
state in the country. It’s quite a life.”
Not surprisingly, that wasn’t his attitude in
June 1980, in the days following his accident,
when the spinal surgeon told him he would be
using a wheelchair for the rest of his life and that
he would “need to deal with it.”
Three times in that first year, having gone past
denial, anger and bargaining and reached the
fourth level of grief (which is depression), he
said, “If I’d had a gun, I might well have used it
on myself. So, it’s probably a good thing I didn’t
have a gun.”
A chance encounter on his college campus
(Morrisville State College in Upstate New York,
near Syracuse) changed his course from thoughts
of suicide to a full life of helping others.
“There was a kid on campus with spina bifida
who’d been in a wheelchair his whole life. As we
were heading out to class, he said, ‘I’ll race you
to the lamppost.’ He was a little kid. I’d played
basketball and football, and jumped high hurdles,
in high school. But he beat me by half the distance
to the pole. That got my fires burning.”
Hereby resolved: to eventually beat that kid
in a race.
The actual training to win races didn’t begin
for a few years, though, until Erway graduated
from Penn State University’s school of business
and moved to Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, for a
sales and marketing job with a paper company.
There, he got involved in a local wheelchair
athletic group. “Playing in that program allowed
me to network for the first time with other people
He switched jobs, going to work for a company
that sold wheelchairs and adapted vehicles. “I
came to realize that while people hate being in
a wheelchair, they love being able to drive a car.
It was my first realization of the importance of
being able to make people happy.”
He remembered his own first two questions
after his accident: “Can I still drive?” “And can I
have sex?” Not necessarily in that order.
“I began developing the outlook that the more
people you help, the more you will be blessed,” he
said. “That’s where my life really started to change.”
He began to train for racing, getting to the 1990
Para-World Championships in Assen, Netherlands.
“I got smoked,” he said.
But it encouraged him to come back home
and begin weight training with an ex-Penn State
football player. “He was 6-foot-4, 280 pounds,”
Erway remembered. “So, when he told me to do
two more on the bench, I did two more.”
He went to the 1992 nationals in Salt Lake City,
a trial for the U.S. Paralympic team, but got beat
by a 15-year-old. “I was over 30, and most of the
competition was much younger,” said Erway.
“Also, most of them didn’t have jobs, they could
train full-time. I had to work full-time.”
He did some regional 10ks, “but my heart
wasn’t in it.”
In 1994, Erway moved to Shelbyville, Kentucky,
to start his own wheelchair and adapted van
company. Eventually, Superior Van & Mobility
in Louisville – another company that adapts
motor vehicles, cars, vans and trucks – hired him
in marketing and sales, covering all of Kentucky,
Southern Indiana and Eastern Tennessee.
“It’s a gratifying business,” he said. “Every day,
I’m helping somebody get going again.”
But cruel fate wasn’t done with Erway. In
July 2006, while speeding down a steep hill in
Shelbyville during a training run, he tried to avoid
a pickup truck on the road, lost control of his
wheelchair and slammed into the driver’s door.
He fractured both his scapula and collarbone,
broke two ribs, punctured a lung, suffered a spinal
compression fracture and part of his scalp was
separated from his skull.
Also, it was 94 degrees that day, so while the
medical technicians were cautioning, “don’t
move him,’” he lay on the asphalt and burned 60
percent of his back.
One helicopter ride, two hospital stays, three
rehab stints, four operations and five months out
of work followed. But this time, “My attitude was,
‘Racing brought me back before – it will bring me
back again.’ ”
Four years later, he was competing in the world’s
premiere wheelchair marathon in Oita, Japan.
And three years after that, he set out on
his “marathon marathon” – competing in 50
marathons in 50 states in 50 weeks.
Those included, most memorably, the Aspen, Colorado, marathon
(“Elevation, 8,800 feet. The first 21 of the 26 miles were downhill.”); the
Asheville, North Carolina marathon (“So hilly that I had to go backwards
up some of the hills, or risk flipping over backwards and zigzagging on
some of the others – I won’t ever go back to Asheville again”); and Boston.
It was the third time he’d qualified for the best of U.S. marathons, and
he loved everything about it – the facilities, the crowds, the competition.
“But I had to get back to work,” Erway recalled, “so after I finished, I
rushed to my hotel, changed T-shirts in the lobby and got into a taxi for
His flight took off at 2:45 that afternoon. And in those days before use of
cell phones to go online was permitted on flights, it wasn’t until he landed
in Atlanta and took out his phone that he understood what had happened.
“It was a complete shock,” he said. “Here you are, doing the greatest
marathon in the U.S., feeling so good about completing it, and then
finding out three people were killed, several hundred injured and 16
people lost limbs.”
The bomb went off four minutes after his plane left Boston.
He has written a book about his 50-50-50 experience titled, “50 Ability
Marathons,” though the amount of information forced him to stop the
book after discussing just 14 of the races – Boston being the final chapter.
He intends to write about the other 36 in what he thinks will be two more
Erway has continued to train three times a week, both weight workouts
in the gym and speed workouts on the road. He has a special racing
wheelchair that weighs only 20 pounds and is fitted to his body size and
situation, so that it’s properly balanced and positions his shoulders to
the chair’s push rail for maximum propulsion, and to take advantage of
his arm, stomach and back muscles. “It cost me $6,500.”
But as he went through his fifties (he’s 59 now), he tailed off a bit on his
racing schedule, though he continued to do the Kentucky Derby Festival
(KDF) mini-marathon most years. (“It’s a half-marathon for wheelchairs,”
he explained, “because all those wheelchairs on the course in the park
could be dangerous for the runners.”)
He began getting asked by the KDF organizers to help out with the
arrangements for the wheelchair division. And this year, he has been
named director of the April 28-29 event. That means getting sponsorships,
coordinating hotel rooms, registering athletes, caring for their regular
chairs while they’re out in their racing chairs, making sure they’re safe
on the course, and also ensuring there’s mechanical help if they need it.
Erway also will handle the next day’s Tour de Lou, a cycling event in
which handicapped racers use specially outfitted hand cycles.
He was particularly inspired by his experience in Japan, where “all
you had to do was tell them when you were flying in, and they took care
of everything else – free transportation, hotel, breakfasts, registration
for the race.”
Erway recalled while in Oita being asked by the local elementary schools
to come out and talk to the students about life in America. “We gave an
exhibit, told them about the U.S., and played games with them. We even
arm-wrestled with them.”
It has all become part of what he feels is his special mission – helping
others to live full lives and representing his community to the world at large.
“It’s the life I wish I didn’t have to lead,” he said, philosophically, “but
since I do lead it, I might as well try to encourage other people, to help
get them up and going.”
You can find out more about Paul Erway’s journey and book on his web
site, www.50abilitymarathons.com. Or call him at 502.724.2300.
Ready to give disc golf a try?
Disc golf is a fast-growing sport played
outdoors with rules similar to “ball golf.” Its
often played on a course with nine or 18 holes,
though other formats are also used. Instead of
balls and clubs, players use a flying disc, which
is thrown from a tee to the target (aka the “hole).
While most people play for the fun (and,
sometimes, frustration) of the sport, there are
professionals who make a living playing disc
Enthusiasts warn – with smiles, of course –
that playing can easily become addictive. And,
regardless of your skill or physical ability, disc
golf is a sport anyone can play.
So, you want to play…
Established in 2016, So In Disc Golf Club “is
growing rapidly,” said president Bryan Alexander.
“Since our inception, we have seen multiple
courses developed and most recently (Disc
Crazy Outdoor and More) opened in Clarksville.
With our primary purpose to foster the growth
of the sport of disc golf, we primarily organize
volunteers to host events at our area courses.”
Find out more about the club and where to
play disc golf at www.soindiscgolf.com.
Where to get your gear
Disc Crazy Outdoor and More in Clarksville
offers Innova and Discmania, Dynamic Discs,
Latitude64, Westside Discs, Prodigy, Discraft,
Gateway, MVP and Axiom. They also have
accessories and apparel, disc golf baskets and
outdoor recreational games. The shop is open 10
a.m. to 7 p.m. Monday through Sunday.
A Little Lingo
Want to learn the language of disc golf? Get
to know these terms.
Ace: Known as a hole in one in ball golf. An
ace occurs when a player makes their first shot,
or drive, into the basket. One of the unique
practices in disc golf is to have all participants
in the ace group or all spectators sign the “ace
disc.” Aces are more common in disc golf than
ball golf as the top pros boast as many as 100+
aces in their careers.
Anhyzer: A disc’s flight arc that fades to the
right for a right-handed backhand throw.
Birdie: Completing a hole one stroke under par.
Approach: Usually the second shot of a hole,
designed to place the disc within putting distance.
Drive: Any throw off of the tee pad, or a throw
from the fairway designed for maximum distance.
Driver: A disc designed for fast, long-distance
flight. The driver is the most difficult to control.
Hyzer: A disc’s flight arc that fades to the left
for the right-handed backhand throw.
Lie: The spot where the disc comes to rest. This
is often marked by a mini-disc marker.
Mid-range: A mid-range disc is a driver disc
designed for slower and more stable flight.
Mini / Marker: A small disc used to mark a
Par: Like in ball golf, each disc golf hole has
a posted par. The par is the desired number of
strokes that a player would need to complete
the hole. To the competitive disc golfer, every
hole is a par three, making the total par for 18
holes always 54. This serves to simplify the game.
Pole hole or basket: The target for catching
the disc. Pole Hole is short for Disc Pole Hole.
Putt: The final throw(s) of the hole aimed
at getting your disc to come to rest in the
trapper basket. Any throw within the circle
(10 meter radius).
Putter or putt and approach disc: Putters
or Putt and Approach discs are designed for
short-distance and stable flight. Usually used
within the circle.
Roller: A rolling disc advance (e.g., the disc
rolls along the ground).
Stability – stable: Flying straight; when
released flat, a disc has a tendency to fly straight.
Understable: when released flat, a disc has a
tendency to fly right. Overrstable: when released
flat, a disc has a tendency to fly left. (When thrown
the right arm and back handed.)
Tee Pad: The location or designated area in
which the first throw of the golf hole is suppose
to take place from. Tee Pads are typically be
made of concrete or rubber. A portion of a side
walk or a utility marker flag or spray painted box
may also be used as a tee pad.
The Basket: Born of the original pole hole,
the game of disc golf advanced rapidly with the
invention of “Steady” Ed’s Disc Pole Hole or
“Basket” as it is commonly referred to by disc
golfers. Once a disc comes to rest in the basket,
the hole is considered complete.
The Circle: This is what helps defines a true
disc golf putt. If a player is throwing his/her disc
at the basket with in a 10 Meter or 30 Ft circle of
the basket, they must follow an additional set of
putting rules defined by the PDGA. Basically if
you’re in the circle, your disc has to come to rest
in the basket before any part of your body touches
past the mini marker towards the basket. Failure
to do so can lead to a “falling putt” penalty stroke.
Throw: The act of advancing the disc towards
the basket. This can be accomplished by many
different throwing styles; Backhand, Forehand,
Rollers. Each throw is counted towards the
Tomahawk: An overhand throw at a vertical angle.
Disc Crazy Outdoor and More
652 Eastern Blvd. , Clarksville
260.233.ACE1 (2231), disccrazy.net
@dcomdiscgolf on Facebook
One-stop shop for holistic medicine and wellness opens in New Albany
By Lisa Hornung | Photos by Christian Watson
New Albany now has its own one-stop shop
for holistic medicine and wellness in The Kula
Center, 802 E. Market St.
Kula – which means community, clan or tribe – is
a fitting name for the center, which creates a tribe
of businesses serving the New Albany community.
Owner Carrie Klaus has owned and operated
Inner Spring Yoga in New Albany and Jeffersonville
for five years, and now she and her husband Rob
have opened this new space.
The couple live just a few blocks from the center,
and when they were out walking one evening,
Rob said to Carrie, “That would be a great place
for a yoga studio.” The two wanted to buy a place
instead of renting so they could gain some equity.
They moved Inner Spring’s New Albany location
to the Kula Center and opened up the center to
other businesses in the holistic health industry.
Businesses in the center include Dailey Wellness
and Massage, which offers massage, reiki, cupping,
kinesio tape and more; Integrating Healthy Habits,
a nutrition coaching service; and the Sukhino
Float Center, which will offer floatation in saltwater
pods. Sukhino will open in June. Inner Spring Jeffersonville is still open at 335 Spring St.
The Kula Center came about because Carrie
Klaus wanted to create an opportunity for people
who are interested in health and wellness and
work in the same location. “We’ve all kind of
got that same energy and that same vibe, and
we’re all working toward that same goal with our
businesses at the Kula Center.”
Carrie Klaus is also running for the New Albany
Township Advisory Board. After the 2016 election,
she began to get more politically involved and
started paying attention to ways to be more active.
“This kind of fit me because what I would be able
to do on the advisory board is offer assistance to
our lower-income community members,” Carrie
Klaus said, “and that really ties in with the mission
of Inner Spring yoga and with the ultimate goal
of the Kula Center, which is to make sure that the
Kula Center is open and welcoming to everyone
in the community.”
Carrie Klaus has been a yoga instructor for 12
years and opened Inner Spring about five years
ago. She mentioned one day to her husband that
she might like to open her own place. “And my
husband is one of those great kind of husbands
who like to make dreams come true,” she said,
“and he came home one day and said I rented
you a space to open up a yoga studio.”
She ran the business for a couple of years while
homeschooling her children. Now their daughters,
ages 14 and 11, are in school, and she runs both
Inner Spring and the Kula Center. “He has a fulltime
job and two part-time jobs,” she said of Rob
Klaus, who manages all the finances and payroll
of the businesses on top of his full-time job.
Carrie Klaus said she wants the Kula Center to
be a hub where everyone can have their health
and wellness needs met.
“We do realize that cost can be an issue for
some people in taking advantage of some of those
health and wellness practices,” she said.
Health insurance doesn’t cover holistic and
preventive care, such as yoga and acupuncture.
So, visitors have to pay out of pocket.
“We realize that’s just not possible for some
people in our community,” said Carrie Klaus.
“So, our ultimate goal is for each person in our
community to be served in some way by us.”
For more information on the Kula Center and
its businesses, visit www.thekulacenter.com.
By Kevin Kernen
In the last edition of Extol Sports, we covered the
first 4 of the 17 rules of the game of soccer. In
this month’s issue, we continue.
Rule 5: The Referee
In any professional or international match in the world,
there will be a minimum of 4 referees on hand. They are
responsible for enforcing the laws of the game and act as
a team of their own, comprising of a Center Referee (the
main official with the whistle on the pitch), two Assistant
Referees (the ones running up and down half a sideline
with the flag, also called an “AR”), and the Fourth Official
(the referee on the sideline). The Center Referee bears
the responsibility of deciding if a pitch is game-worthy,
enforcing the laws of the game during a match, keeping
official time, taking disciplinary action against players,
as well as supervising most other procedures during a
match. To keep spectators abreast of Referees’ decisions,
they employ a series of hand signals (not to worry, their
meanings will become clear later on):
Rule 6: Other Officials
As mentioned previously, there are a minimum of 3 officials
apart from the Center Referee involved in any professional
match. Each of the Assistant Referees is in charge of a half
of the pitch, running up and down opposite sides, from one
goal line to the midfield line. The ARs’ job is to help the
Center Referee in making decisions, as well as identifying
incidents of offside, a somewhat nebulous rule that is a law
unto itself. Between the Center Referee and both of the ARs,
almost all of the 22 players are under constant supervision,
but a Fourth Official also serves to catch offenses away
from the ball, or to lend a different perspective to an offense
Usually a junior referee or a well-seasoned official, the
Fourth Official also deputizes as a Center- or Assistant-
Referee should they become injured or otherwise unable
to continue during a match. Beyond keeping an extra set of
eyeballs on play, the Fourth Official also serves as a verbal
abuse whipping boy for disgruntled managers in their
technical area, as well as conducting substitutions and
keeping track of added time. All referees are in constant
communication during play, and usually employ a radio
system to talk to one another during a match.
Rule 7: Duration of the Match
Universally, matches consist of two halves of 45
minutes. Regular season games can end in a tie
after 90 minutes, but in knockout competitions,
like the US Open Cup and the USL Playoffs a winner
must be decided. Overtime (called “Extra Time”
in soccer) consists of two 15 minute halves. If the
game is still tied, the game goes to Penalties, lined
out in Rules 10 and 14. Since the clock never stops
running in soccer, time is added at the end of each
half for stoppages for substitutions, time wasting
(a gamesmanship tactic), disciplinary sanctions or
other major stoppages.
Rule 8: Start and Restart of Play
Halves are commenced by a kick off from the center
spot of the match, and restarts after goals are taken
from the center spot as well, taken by the team that
Rule 9: The Ball in and Out of Play
In Soccer, the lines on the field are considered in
bounds for the area they demarcate. The ball has
to completely pass over the line to be out, either
on the ground or in the air, a decision chiefly made
by the ARs.
Rule 10: Determining the Outcome of the Match
Goals are awarded by the Center Referee after
the ball passes completely over the goal line, as
illustrated when the ref points to the center of
Regular season matches in any league are over
after 90 minutes, whether there is a winner or not.
For knockout games, the team with the most goals
at the end of Regulation or Extra Time wins, but if
the game is tied after 120 minutes, Penalties must
decide the game. Teams alternate shots from the
Penalty Mark (the spot 12 yards from the goal)
unless the competition has specified otherwise
(some competitions employ the A-B-B-A order
to negate any advantage that could be had by the
alternating nature of shots) and the best of five
shots, wins. Should the teams remain tied after five
shots, it goes to a round by round “sudden death”
format. The pressure is on the penalty taker to
convert the shot, as they require great anticipation
and a healthy dose of luck to save, and shootouts
rarely go beyond the first five rounds of shots.
Rule 11: Offside
Probably the single most difficult decision in the
game, offside offenses are almost exclusively
identified by an Assistant Referee. The rule was
installed to keep players in check and not “cherry
pick” in front of opponents goals, and has evolved to
both a lightning rod for video replay advocates and
excuse for beleaguered managers. In the simplest
terms, any attacking player between the second-tolast
defender and the goal is in an offside position.
For an advanced attacking player to legally receive
the ball, they must be either:
A. I n their own defensive half, or
B . E ither in front of, or in line with the secondto-
last member of the defending team at the
moment the ball is played
Essentially, a player cannot be passed the ball if
they are between last defender of the defending
team and the goal, BUT they can be level with the
Additionally, if an attacking player is in an offside
position and doesn’t interfere with play and a
goal is scored, no rule has been infringed upon.
If an attacking player is in an offside position and
interferes with play (like screening the goalkeeper,
for instance), then they are offside, and the goal is
The signal for offside is given by the Assistant
Referee when they hold their flag straight up in
the air to alert the Center Referee, then holding
it in front of them. To restart play after an offside
offense, the referee awards an indirect free kick to
the defending team (that’s to come).
Rule 12: Fouls and Misconduct
The following is a list of fouls in the game. They are
interpreted differently by different referees, and
also their enforcement changes significantly from
league to league and country to country. England
has a history of a physical game, where the Spanish
appreciate more style over substance. As the law
goes, a Free Kick is awarded if an opponent commits
any of the following offenses:
A. Charges (running shoulder to shoulder in an
B . jumps at
C. kicks or attempts to kick
D . P ushes
E . strikes or attempts to strike
F. tackles or challenges
G . trips or attempts to trip
H. handles the ball deliberately (except for the
goalkeeper within their penalty area)
I . holds an opponent
J . impedes an opponent with contact
K . spits at an opponent
If you stand with a supporter during a match and
you see a referee whistle after a slide tackle, you
will hear some version of the refrain “they got the
ball!” While slide tackles and challenges are part of
the game, they must be going for the ball- not the
player. It is erroneously assumed that if a player
gets the ball, they have carte Blanche to take out the
player as well. This is simply not the case, as many
considerations are taken into account by the referee
around judging challenges, with speed, position,
where the challenging player made contact with the
player in possession, among other things.
In addition to awarding a Free Kick, a referee can
award a yellow card (a caution) for a foul judged
to be reckless in nature, and a red card (a sending
off) for fouls judged to be dangerous or employing
excessive use of force. Should a player earn two
yellows, they will then be shown a red after their
second yellow card offense. If a player is sent off,
they cannot be replaced and their team has to play
down a player for the duration of the match.
Cards will also be issued in the case of what are
informally referred to as “professional fouls,” or
fouls that deliberately break up an attacking team’s
forward play if the defending team are caught out
of position or undermanned. If there is a covering
player between a defender, an attacker, and the
goal, a foul only warrants a yellow card. If the fouling
defender is the last man before the goalie, however,
expect a straight red card to be shown.
As with Offside offenses, handling situations often
find themselves being a point of contention, as
it’s largely a judgement call from the Referee. It’s
a matter of identifying whether the ball is moving
toward the hand or arm, or if the player moves their
hand or arm to intercept the path of the ball, while
taking into account whether the player’s hand was
in a “natural position.” Depending on the situation, a
player may find themselves sent off for deliberately
handling the ball.
There are other procedural fouls, like time wasting
and illegal substitutions, which can also be awarded
with a yellow card.
Rule 13: Free Kicks
For all infringements listed in the law previous, a
Direct Free Kick is awarded, meaning that the ball
can directly be scored from the Free Kick. There are
also Indirect Free Kicks, meaning that the ball must
touch another player before it can be scored.
Indirect Free Kicks are awarded after an Offside
offense and for Playing in a Dangerous Manner,
which includes preventing nearby players from
playing the ball. An example of this is a “high kick,”
which is not an inherently illegal action, but becomes
illegal when it either causes a player to react to the
kick (an Indirect Free Kick) or if it makes contact
with an opponent (a Direct Free Kick).
Rule 14: The Penalty Kick
Penalties are taken from the penalty mark, which
is 12 yards from the center of the goal. During play,
they’re awarded for Direct Free Kick fouls within
the Penalty Area. We’ve already covered this pretty
comprehensively, but another detail is that during a
penalty kick, the goalkeeper must stay on the goal
line, and for penalties taken during regulation and
extra time, players can enter the box as soon as the
kick taker touches the ball.
Rule 15: The Throw-In
For restarting play after the ball goes out over a
sideline, the team opposite of the one that played it
out is awarded a throw-in. For the player throwing
the ball in, they must
A. K eep both feet on the ground outside
B . T hrow the ball in with both hands, starting
behind the head
Players cannot be offside if they receive the ball
directly from a Throw-In, Goal Kick, or a Corner Kick.
Rule 16: The Goal Kick
For restarting play after an attacking team played
the ball over a defending team’s endline, the
goalkeeper plays it outside of the penalty area (18
yard box) from any point within their goal area (6
Rule 17: The Corner Kick
After the defending team plays the ball over their
own endline, the attacking team is awarded a corner
kick, taken from the corner closest to the point
where the ball exited play. Although a goal can be
scored from a corner(called an “Olympico”), it’s
exceedingly rare and quite difficult.
That is the streamlined version of the rules of soccer,
as detailed by the International Football Association
Board. Rules and their interpretations are quite
nuanced and are tweaked from year to year, and
although the rules themselves do not change that
much, they will come under more scrutiny as the tide
of VAR (Video Assistant Referee) sweeps through the
world’s game in the very imminent future.
Lesley’s Homestyle Cafe & Catering
By Angie Fenton
I grew up in a small town and have
always loved locally-owned restaurants that embrace “downhome
cooking” – added bonus if that also means including
a bit of healthy fare on the menu, too. So, when friend Paul
Kiger invited me and my family to New Middletown, Indiana,
to enjoy breakfast at Lesley’s Homestyle Cafe & Catering, we
were all in.
The drive from New Albany took a little more than 20 minutes
and was beautiful, especially once we got off I-64 West. (If
you opt to take the Ohio River Scenic Byway, the drive is even
prettier and will only take about 30 minutes.)
The town may be small – population 93, according to the
2010 census – but the hospitality offered to visitors looms
large. We were warmly greeted at Lesley’s Homestyle Cafe &
Catering by employees and our fellow diners. Owner Lesley
McPhillips (who also happens to be Paul’s sister) and her team
are visible from the dining room as they whip up all kinds of
goodies, wash dishes and greet guests. Known for her catering,
there are lots of us who are thankful she decided to open up a
brick ’n‘ mortar eatery.
My husband, our 2-year-old and I enjoyed the Breakfast
Buffet ($8.50), which had a variety of dishes, including fluffy
eggs, biscuits, sausage gravy, perfectly cooked bacon and
fresh fruit, among other items. Everything was delicious and
freshly made. Now, despite the fact that it was morning and
far too early for dessert – plus, I’d done a decent job of eating
healthfully – I ordered a slice of the Strawberry Delight Cake
($2.75) anyway because I’d been told it was a can’t-miss sweet
made with love by Linda Windell (Lesley and Paul’s mother).
That couldn’t be truer. Try the cake.
Lesley’s Homestyle Cafe & Catering is open 11 a.m. to 8 p.m.
Tuesday, 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. Friday and Saturday and 8 a.m. to 4
p.m. Sunday. The breakfast buffet is served 8 a.m. to 12 p.m.
Saturday and Sunday. Keep an eye on the Facebook page to stay
up-to-date on the happenings. Recent highlights have included
ribeye steak dinners cooked however you please, Taco Tuesday,
a Friday night seafood bar and an Italian-themed menu.
Do you have a favorite dish at a Southern Indiana
restaurant that you can’t wait to share with others? Send an
email detailing why to email@example.com and put “The
Cheat Sheet” as the subject.
Lesley’s Homestyle Cafe & Catering
3975 Main St.
New Middletown, Indiana
@cateringlesley on Facebook