Tag Archives: Southern Indiana


2018 Imagine Awards


Editor’s Note | March 2018

By Angie Fenton


Depending on which statistics you go by, less than 1 percent of us

will ever complete a marathon. Paul Erway, who is featured on our

cover, has completed 50 in 50 states in 50 weeks. As impressive

as that is – and it is undeniably impressive – that’s not what struck

me most about his story, which was written by writer Steve Kaufman

(you can find it on page 16).

It’s one thing to share a tale of physical resolve, but Paul also was

candid about the pitfalls and harsh challenges, including the moment

when he contemplated ending it all. Admitting this out loud and

allowing yourself to be vulnerable enough to do so takes strength.

That is what struck me the most about Paul’s story, his willingness to

be so candid about enduring such despair and the remarkable way

he was able to pull himself out of it by reaching out to help others

as he also developed into a phenomenal athlete. I encourage you

to not only read his story but also read his book.

In the January issue of Extol Sports, we featured Brad Luttrell,

co-founder and CEO of GoWild, an app for people who love the

outdoors. Thanks to the popularity, Brad recently left his job at

OOHology to focus full-time on GoWild. “This app has taken off

faster than I ever imagined,“ said Brad when I asked for an update.

“We’ve slowed our marketing efforts down and are still adding 80

people per day to the app. With revenue up 500 percent so far this

year, and a lot of advertiser inquiries coming in, I just felt that if I

was ever going to give this thing my full attention, this was it. I’m so

grateful for all of the people who have helped GoWild so far, from my

family to my team at OOHology to our investors. It’s been an exciting

and wild ride thus far. Here’s to what’s next.” Congratulations to the

GoWild team and here’s to their continued success!


Humble Warrior

Photos and Story by Miranda McDonald


A Program That’s Giving Back

Micah Cargin has been practicing yoga for

himself for almost a decade. However, with the

launch of his youth program, Humble Warrior,

he will be using his knowledge of this practice

to give back to the local community.

“I always knew I wanted to give back to the

community in some way. Giving back to those

in need is something my family engrained in me

from an early age,” states Cargin as he unrolls his

yoga mat onto the wooden floor at KMAC. We are

at the local museum to talk about the launch of

Humble Warrior, and to photograph him practicing

yoga in the beautiful space.

Humble Warrior is a program that will work with

community centers and organizations to introduce

youth in economically-depressed areas to yoga.

It will do this by creating a network of certified

yoga teachers with diverse backgrounds that

will serves as mentors to these children. Cargin

believes the diversity of this network is key to the

success of the program.

“Being a black male who practices yoga, I

believe I have a unique voice that can make a

real impact in urban areas and the parts of town

that many yoga studios may not ever think to host

classes in. Most of the yoga studios are clustered

in certain areas, because that is where the current

interest is. However, many of the people in living

in these places have never even been exposed to

yoga,” explains Cargin.

Cargin believes introducing yoga to local youth

in these urban areas is important, because yoga

is not solely a physical activity. It also teaches

mindfulness and awareness.

“Yoga has helped me be more aware of my

inner thoughts and emotions, and has also helped

me with how I process them. Practicing can give

these kids another outlet for processing their

own emotions.”screen-shot-2018-03-07-at-8-31-55-am

Humble Warrior will first launch as a pilot program with a yoga

initiative this year, but Cargin won’t stop there. Over the next few

years the philanthropist plans to grow Humble Warrior into an

organization that hosts teacher trainings for those wishing to open

their own practice. Cargin also plans to use Humble Warrior as a

program that exposes impoverished youth to a variety of outlets

centered around the arts that may not otherwise be available to them.

This very idea that every child deserves access to a variety of

mediums that allow them to positively express themselves and

improve their situation is one that keeps Cargin moving forward

in his journey to turn Humble Warrior into a program that will

eventually spread to other cities across the country.

“I hope we can inspire these kids to try something different

by giving them the opportunity and tools they need to do so.

We want them to learn to be comfortable with the idea of being


Humble Warrior Contact Info:


(*Micah is in the middle of launching this, so his site is still under

construction. However, he will have this completely up and

verified before this hits the shelves.)


Time Management Expert to Offer Tips at Free Event

By Erica Coghill

Laura Vanderkam Photo by Michael Falco

Laura Vanderkam
Photo by Michael Falco

Join author Laura Vanderkam 6 to 8 p.m. March 12 at The Olmsted

for Norton Healthcare’s upcoming Go Confidently speaker event.

Have you ever uttered the words,

“If only I had more time?” Of course,

we all have.

No matter your lifestyle, family

unit, professional or personal

demands, you’ve no doubt been

overwhelmed by feeling like there

aren’t enough hours in the day.

We caught up with time

management expert and bestselling

author Laura Vanderkam for some

quick tips on how to make the most

of the time we have. She’ll be dishing

out a lot more during the March 12

installment of Norton Healthcare’s

free Go Confidently speaker series.

Mastering the Balancing Act

Time management is something

most of us have struggled with.

Even Vanderkam is no stranger

to the struggle. About 10 years ago,

the then-new-mom was faced with

an uncharted challenge: How do I

master the balancing act of parent

and professional?screen-shot-2018-03-07-at-8-35-13-am

“I knew I wanted to do both

things,” Vanderkam said. “I was

drawn to people who were doing

both — succeeding personally and


She set out on a mission to slow

the proverbial flying of time, or at

least better manipulate it. What she

found is that people who seem to

have it all don’t have more time than

the rest of us — they’re just using it

in ways that are helping them build

the lives they want.

“There’s no perfect hack to free

up all kinds of time in your life; no

special trick with email or special

thing around the house to make

chores magically take less time,”

Vanderkam said.

No one particular thing will change

your life completely, but Vanderkam

suggests a number of strategies you

can implement to make the most of

your time.

Identify What’s Important to You

“What will change your life is

deciding, ‘Even though the house

is messy, I want to read this book,’ ”

Vanderkam said.

Many people wait until everything

else is taken care of before doing

the things they want to do. Ringing

phones and overflowing inboxes are

just a couple things that demand our


“If you spend all of your time on

those things, the day can get away

from you – the week, month, year –

and then you never spend time on

the things that are important but not

necessarily clamoring for attention,”

Vanderkam said.

Think about what you want to

spend more time doing – and do it.

“That unread email will still

be there, but you will have made

progress on the thing that is important

to you,” Vanderkam said.

Journal Your Time

Vanderkam says one of the best

ways to get a sense of where your

time is going is to write it down in a

journal. People generally think they

have a good idea of where their time

is going, but until they journal it, they

don’t have a realistic sense of how

it’s being used.

Once she started tracking her time,

she learned that even though she

works from home, she was spending

a lot more time on the road than she


“I realized I was spending about

an hour a day in the car for various

things that weren’t a daily commute,

and I wasn’t doing anything with that

time that was meaningful to me,”

Vanderkam said.

She decided to make better use

of her time in the car by listening

to audiobooks and podcasts while

behind the wheel.

Build Space in Your Schedule

Saying that you don’t have enough

time is an excuse. If something is a

priority, you will make time for it. If

it’s not a priority, Vanderkam reminds

us that it is OK to say no. You are in

control of your time.

“Time is a choice,” she said.

“Of course, there will be terrible

consequences if you don’t make

certain choices, but in the long run

it is a choice.”

Many success f u l people

Vanderkam has studied have a

surprising amount of open space in

their schedules.

“Being busy is not a badge of

honor,” she said.

Open space invites opportunity in

a way that a cluttered calendar just

can’t do. It’s about realizing that we

don’t have to do everything.

Plan, Plan, Plan

Planning is key. It’s something

Vanderkam didn’t do earlier in her life.

“I realized that people who were

having fun weekends, as opposed to

weekends that were all chores, were

thinking ahead to make sure they

had time for things that were fun

and rejuvenating,” she said.

Thinking through her weekends

ahead of time is a strategy Vanderkam

adopted when she became a mother.

Scheduling activities in advance helps

ensure everyone’s needs are met and

the things that are important to us

actually happen.

Planning doesn’t mean you have

to relinquish spontaneity in your life.

“You just need to get the structure

in place and then you can be

spontaneous within it,” Vanderkam


For example, if you and your

partner have a babysitter for the

night, you can create spontaneity

within that planned evening away

from the kids. Maybe you choose to

walk or drive around a neighborhood

and spontaneously select a spot to

dine for the evening.

Think in Terms of 168 Hours

You may feel like there aren’t

enough hours in the day, but there

are plenty of hours in the week – 168

to be exact. Vanderkam challenges

people to stop pressuring ourselves to

accomplish it all within 24 hours and

start thinking in terms of 168 hours.

“Many people find this to be a

complete breakthrough in terms of

no longer feeling like they are failing

at everything,” she said. “Just because

something didn’t happen today, we

don’t have to say it is not a priority in

our life or it is not important to us.”

One example of how this can yield

positive results is with exercise. If you

didn’t exercise today, you’re not a

failure. Just make sure you find time

for it within the 168 hours. Maybe

you choose to exercise four times

per week — you’ve got a full seven

days to make that goal happen. There

won’t be a perfect time every single

day for exercise. You have to make it

happen when you can.

Vanderkam will discuss these

ideas, among others, at Norton

Healthcare’s Go Confidently speaker

event March 12. The talk will be from

6 to 8 p.m. at The Olmsted, 3701

Frankfort Ave., in Louisville.

Go Confidently is a free public

event. Register by calling 502.629.1234

or go to NortonHealthcare.com/


Learn mor e about t ime

management in Vanderkam’s books,

“168 Hours: You Have More Time

Than You Think” and “I Know How

She Does It: How Successful Women

Make the Most of Their Time.”

“I began
the outlook
that the
more people
you help, the
more you
will be
That’s where
my life really
started to
–Paul Erway


By Steve Kaufman

Photos by Tony Bennett

Paul Erway completed 50 marathons in 50 states in 50 weeks.

Now he’s racing to help others in any way he can.


In 2013, Paul Erway completed 50 marathons

in 50 states in 50 weeks.

One of those was the Boston Marathon, the

year of the bombing.

Notice that this writer didn’t say Erway “runs” in

these marathons. Because he doesn’t. He wheels.

An automobile accident in 1980, the weekend

before he was to graduate from college, left him a

paraplegic, with no feeling or movement from the

chest down. He has been confined to a wheelchair

for 38 years.

He jokes that before the accident, he had studied

animal husbandry in college with the intention of

working in horse “reining” – an American version

of dressage. “If not for the accident, I might be

living in a trailer beside a horse stable, mucking

stalls. Now I’ve gotten to go overseas and to every

state in the country. It’s quite a life.”

Not surprisingly, that wasn’t his attitude in

June 1980, in the days following his accident,

when the spinal surgeon told him he would be

using a wheelchair for the rest of his life and that

he would “need to deal with it.”

Three times in that first year, having gone past

denial, anger and bargaining and reached the

fourth level of grief (which is depression), he

said, “If I’d had a gun, I might well have used it

on myself. So, it’s probably a good thing I didn’t

have a gun.”

A chance encounter on his college campus

(Morrisville State College in Upstate New York,

near Syracuse) changed his course from thoughts

of suicide to a full life of helping others.

“There was a kid on campus with spina bifida

who’d been in a wheelchair his whole life. As we

were heading out to class, he said, ‘I’ll race you

to the lamppost.’ He was a little kid. I’d played

basketball and football, and jumped high hurdles,

in high school. But he beat me by half the distance

to the pole. That got my fires burning.”

Hereby resolved: to eventually beat that kid

in a race.

The actual training to win races didn’t begin

for a few years, though, until Erway graduated

from Penn State University’s school of business

and moved to Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, for a

sales and marketing job with a paper company.

There, he got involved in a local wheelchair

athletic group. “Playing in that program allowed

me to network for the first time with other people

with disabilities.”

He switched jobs, going to work for a company

that sold wheelchairs and adapted vehicles. “I

came to realize that while people hate being in

a wheelchair, they love being able to drive a car.

It was my first realization of the importance of

being able to make people happy.”

He remembered his own first two questions

after his accident: “Can I still drive?” “And can I

have sex?” Not necessarily in that order.

“I began developing the outlook that the more

people you help, the more you will be blessed,” he

said. “That’s where my life really started to change.”

He began to train for racing, getting to the 1990

Para-World Championships in Assen, Netherlands.

“I got smoked,” he said.

But it encouraged him to come back home

and begin weight training with an ex-Penn State

football player. “He was 6-foot-4, 280 pounds,”

Erway remembered. “So, when he told me to do

two more on the bench, I did two more.”

He went to the 1992 nationals in Salt Lake City,

a trial for the U.S. Paralympic team, but got beat

by a 15-year-old. “I was over 30, and most of the

competition was much younger,” said Erway.

“Also, most of them didn’t have jobs, they could

train full-time. I had to work full-time.”

He did some regional 10ks, “but my heart

wasn’t in it.”

In 1994, Erway moved to Shelbyville, Kentucky,

to start his own wheelchair and adapted van

company. Eventually, Superior Van & Mobility

in Louisville – another company that adapts

motor vehicles, cars, vans and trucks – hired him

in marketing and sales, covering all of Kentucky,

Southern Indiana and Eastern Tennessee.

“It’s a gratifying business,” he said. “Every day,

I’m helping somebody get going again.”

But cruel fate wasn’t done with Erway. In

July 2006, while speeding down a steep hill in

Shelbyville during a training run, he tried to avoid

a pickup truck on the road, lost control of his

wheelchair and slammed into the driver’s door.

He fractured both his scapula and collarbone,

broke two ribs, punctured a lung, suffered a spinal

compression fracture and part of his scalp was

separated from his skull.

Also, it was 94 degrees that day, so while the

medical technicians were cautioning, “don’t

move him,’” he lay on the asphalt and burned 60

percent of his back.

One helicopter ride, two hospital stays, three

rehab stints, four operations and five months out

of work followed. But this time, “My attitude was,

‘Racing brought me back before – it will bring me

back again.’ ”

Four years later, he was competing in the world’s

premiere wheelchair marathon in Oita, Japan.

And three years after that, he set out on

his “marathon marathon” – competing in 50

marathons in 50 states in 50 weeks.

“I began developing the outlook that the more people you help, the more you will be blessed. That’s where my life really started to change.” –Paul Erway

“I began
the outlook
that the
more people
you help, the
more you
will be
That’s where
my life really
started to
–Paul Erway

Those included, most memorably, the Aspen, Colorado, marathon

(“Elevation, 8,800 feet. The first 21 of the 26 miles were downhill.”); the

Asheville, North Carolina marathon (“So hilly that I had to go backwards

up some of the hills, or risk flipping over backwards and zigzagging on

some of the others – I won’t ever go back to Asheville again”); and Boston.

It was the third time he’d qualified for the best of U.S. marathons, and

he loved everything about it – the facilities, the crowds, the competition.

“But I had to get back to work,” Erway recalled, “so after I finished, I

rushed to my hotel, changed T-shirts in the lobby and got into a taxi for

the airport.”

His flight took off at 2:45 that afternoon. And in those days before use of

cell phones to go online was permitted on flights, it wasn’t until he landed

in Atlanta and took out his phone that he understood what had happened.

“It was a complete shock,” he said. “Here you are, doing the greatest

marathon in the U.S., feeling so good about completing it, and then

finding out three people were killed, several hundred injured and 16

people lost limbs.”

The bomb went off four minutes after his plane left Boston.

He has written a book about his 50-50-50 experience titled, “50 Ability

Marathons,” though the amount of information forced him to stop the

book after discussing just 14 of the races – Boston being the final chapter.

He intends to write about the other 36 in what he thinks will be two more


Erway has continued to train three times a week, both weight workouts

in the gym and speed workouts on the road. He has a special racing

wheelchair that weighs only 20 pounds and is fitted to his body size and

situation, so that it’s properly balanced and positions his shoulders to

the chair’s push rail for maximum propulsion, and to take advantage of

his arm, stomach and back muscles. “It cost me $6,500.”

But as he went through his fifties (he’s 59 now), he tailed off a bit on his

racing schedule, though he continued to do the Kentucky Derby Festival

(KDF) mini-marathon most years. (“It’s a half-marathon for wheelchairs,”

he explained, “because all those wheelchairs on the course in the park

could be dangerous for the runners.”)

screen-shot-2018-03-07-at-8-41-59-amHe began getting asked by the KDF organizers to help out with the

arrangements for the wheelchair division. And this year, he has been

named director of the April 28-29 event. That means getting sponsorships,

coordinating hotel rooms, registering athletes, caring for their regular

chairs while they’re out in their racing chairs, making sure they’re safe

on the course, and also ensuring there’s mechanical help if they need it.

Erway also will handle the next day’s Tour de Lou, a cycling event in

which handicapped racers use specially outfitted hand cycles.

He was particularly inspired by his experience in Japan, where “all

you had to do was tell them when you were flying in, and they took care

of everything else – free transportation, hotel, breakfasts, registration

for the race.”

Erway recalled while in Oita being asked by the local elementary schools

to come out and talk to the students about life in America. “We gave an

exhibit, told them about the U.S., and played games with them. We even

arm-wrestled with them.”

It has all become part of what he feels is his special mission – helping

others to live full lives and representing his community to the world at large.

“It’s the life I wish I didn’t have to lead,” he said, philosophically, “but

since I do lead it, I might as well try to encourage other people, to help

get them up and going.”

You can find out more about Paul Erway’s journey and book on his web

site, www.50abilitymarathons.com. Or call him at 502.724.2300.


Let It Fly

Ready to give disc golf a try?

Disc golf is a fast-growing sport played

outdoors with rules similar to “ball golf.” Its

often played on a course with nine or 18 holes,

though other formats are also used. Instead of

balls and clubs, players use a flying disc, which

is thrown from a tee to the target (aka the “hole).

While most people play for the fun (and,

sometimes, frustration) of the sport, there are

professionals who make a living playing disc

golf full-time.

Enthusiasts warn – with smiles, of course –

that playing can easily become addictive. And,

regardless of your skill or physical ability, disc

golf is a sport anyone can play.

So, you want to play…

Established in 2016, So In Disc Golf Club “is

growing rapidly,” said president Bryan Alexander.

“Since our inception, we have seen multiple

courses developed and most recently (Disc

Crazy Outdoor and More) opened in Clarksville.

With our primary purpose to foster the growth

of the sport of disc golf, we primarily organize

volunteers to host events at our area courses.”

Find out more about the club and where to

play disc golf at www.soindiscgolf.com.

Where to get your gear

Disc Crazy Outdoor and More in Clarksville

offers Innova and Discmania, Dynamic Discs,

Latitude64, Westside Discs, Prodigy, Discraft,

Gateway, MVP and Axiom. They also have

accessories and apparel, disc golf baskets and

outdoor recreational games. The shop is open 10

a.m. to 7 p.m. Monday through Sunday.

A Little Lingo

Want to learn the language of disc golf? Get

to know these terms.

Ace: Known as a hole in one in ball golf. An

ace occurs when a player makes their first shot,

or drive, into the basket. One of the unique

practices in disc golf is to have all participants

in the ace group or all spectators sign the “ace

disc.” Aces are more common in disc golf than

ball golf as the top pros boast as many as 100+

aces in their careers.

Anhyzer: A disc’s flight arc that fades to the

right for a right-handed backhand throw.

Birdie: Completing a hole one stroke under par.

Approach: Usually the second shot of a hole,

designed to place the disc within putting distance.

Drive: Any throw off of the tee pad, or a throw

from the fairway designed for maximum distance.

Driver: A disc designed for fast, long-distance

flight. The driver is the most difficult to control.

Hyzer: A disc’s flight arc that fades to the left

for the right-handed backhand throw.

Lie: The spot where the disc comes to rest. This

is often marked by a mini-disc marker.

Mid-range: A mid-range disc is a driver disc

designed for slower and more stable flight.

Mini / Marker: A small disc used to mark a

player’s lie.

Par: Like in ball golf, each disc golf hole has

a posted par. The par is the desired number of

strokes that a player would need to complete

the hole. To the competitive disc golfer, every

hole is a par three, making the total par for 18

holes always 54. This serves to simplify the game.

Pole hole or basket: The target for catching

the disc. Pole Hole is short for Disc Pole Hole.

Putt: The final throw(s) of the hole aimed

at getting your disc to come to rest in the

trapper basket. Any throw within the circle

(10 meter radius).

Putter or putt and approach disc: Putters

or Putt and Approach discs are designed for

short-distance and stable flight. Usually used

within the circle.

Roller: A rolling disc advance (e.g., the disc

rolls along the ground).

Stability – stable: Flying straight; when

released flat, a disc has a tendency to fly straight.

Understable: when released flat, a disc has a

tendency to fly right. Overrstable: when released

flat, a disc has a tendency to fly left. (When thrown

the right arm and back handed.)

Tee Pad: The location or designated area in

which the first throw of the golf hole is suppose

to take place from. Tee Pads are typically be

made of concrete or rubber. A portion of a side

walk or a utility marker flag or spray painted box

may also be used as a tee pad.

The Basket: Born of the original pole hole,

the game of disc golf advanced rapidly with the

invention of “Steady” Ed’s Disc Pole Hole or

“Basket” as it is commonly referred to by disc

golfers. Once a disc comes to rest in the basket,

the hole is considered complete.

The Circle: This is what helps defines a true

disc golf putt. If a player is throwing his/her disc

at the basket with in a 10 Meter or 30 Ft circle of

the basket, they must follow an additional set of

putting rules defined by the PDGA. Basically if

you’re in the circle, your disc has to come to rest

in the basket before any part of your body touches

past the mini marker towards the basket. Failure

to do so can lead to a “falling putt” penalty stroke.

Throw: The act of advancing the disc towards

the basket. This can be accomplished by many

different throwing styles; Backhand, Forehand,

Rollers. Each throw is counted towards the

player’s score.

Tomahawk: An overhand throw at a vertical angle.

Source: DiscGolf.com

Disc Crazy Outdoor and More

652 Eastern Blvd. , Clarksville

260.233.ACE1 (2231), disccrazy.net

@dcomdiscgolf on Facebook


The Kula Center Opens, Welcomes Everyone

One-stop shop for holistic medicine and wellness opens in New Albany

By Lisa Hornung | Photos by Christian Watson

New Albany now has its own one-stop shop

for holistic medicine and wellness in The Kula

Center, 802 E. Market St.

Kula – which means community, clan or tribe – is

a fitting name for the center, which creates a tribe

of businesses serving the New Albany community.

Owner Carrie Klaus has owned and operated

Inner Spring Yoga in New Albany and Jeffersonville

for five years, and now she and her husband Rob

have opened this new space.

The couple live just a few blocks from the center,

and when they were out walking one evening,

Rob said to Carrie, “That would be a great place

for a yoga studio.” The two wanted to buy a place

instead of renting so they could gain some equity.

They moved Inner Spring’s New Albany location

to the Kula Center and opened up the center to

other businesses in the holistic health industry.

Businesses in the center include Dailey Wellness

and Massage, which offers massage, reiki, cupping,

kinesio tape and more; Integrating Healthy Habits,

a nutrition coaching service; and the Sukhino

Float Center, which will offer floatation in saltwater

pods. Sukhino will open in June. Inner Spring Jeffersonville is still open at 335 Spring St.

The Kula Center came about because Carrie

Klaus wanted to create an opportunity for people

who are interested in health and wellness and

work in the same location. “We’ve all kind of

got that same energy and that same vibe, and

we’re all working toward that same goal with our

businesses at the Kula Center.”

Carrie Klaus is also running for the New Albany

Township Advisory Board. After the 2016 election,

she began to get more politically involved and

started paying attention to ways to be more active.

“This kind of fit me because what I would be able

to do on the advisory board is offer assistance to

our lower-income community members,” Carrie

Klaus said, “and that really ties in with the mission

of Inner Spring yoga and with the ultimate goal

of the Kula Center, which is to make sure that the

Kula Center is open and welcoming to everyone

in the community.”

Carrie Klaus has been a yoga instructor for 12

years and opened Inner Spring about five years

ago. She mentioned one day to her husband that

she might like to open her own place. “And my

husband is one of those great kind of husbands

who like to make dreams come true,” she said,

“and he came home one day and said I rented

you a space to open up a yoga studio.”

She ran the business for a couple of years while

homeschooling her children. Now their daughters,

ages 14 and 11, are in school, and she runs both

Inner Spring and the Kula Center. “He has a fulltime

job and two part-time jobs,” she said of Rob

Klaus, who manages all the finances and payroll

of the businesses on top of his full-time job.

Carrie Klaus said she wants the Kula Center to

be a hub where everyone can have their health

and wellness needs met.

“We do realize that cost can be an issue for

some people in taking advantage of some of those

health and wellness practices,” she said.

Health insurance doesn’t cover holistic and

preventive care, such as yoga and acupuncture.

So, visitors have to pay out of pocket.

“We realize that’s just not possible for some

people in our community,” said Carrie Klaus.

“So, our ultimate goal is for each person in our

community to be served in some way by us.”

For more information on the Kula Center and

its businesses, visit www.thekulacenter.com.


Soccer 101 Lesson 2: Basic Rules

By Kevin Kernen

In the last edition of Extol Sports, we covered the

first 4 of the 17 rules of the game of soccer. In

this month’s issue, we continue.

Rule 5: The Referee

In any professional or international match in the world,

there will be a minimum of 4 referees on hand. They are

responsible for enforcing the laws of the game and act as

a team of their own, comprising of a Center Referee (the

main official with the whistle on the pitch), two Assistant

Referees (the ones running up and down half a sideline

with the flag, also called an “AR”), and the Fourth Official

(the referee on the sideline). The Center Referee bears

the responsibility of deciding if a pitch is game-worthy,

enforcing the laws of the game during a match, keeping

official time, taking disciplinary action against players,

as well as supervising most other procedures during a

match. To keep spectators abreast of Referees’ decisions,

they employ a series of hand signals (not to worry, their

meanings will become clear later on):

Rule 6: Other Officials

As mentioned previously, there are a minimum of 3 officials

apart from the Center Referee involved in any professional

match. Each of the Assistant Referees is in charge of a half

of the pitch, running up and down opposite sides, from one

goal line to the midfield line. The ARs’ job is to help the

Center Referee in making decisions, as well as identifying

incidents of offside, a somewhat nebulous rule that is a law

unto itself. Between the Center Referee and both of the ARs,

almost all of the 22 players are under constant supervision,

but a Fourth Official also serves to catch offenses away

from the ball, or to lend a different perspective to an offense

in question.

Usually a junior referee or a well-seasoned official, the

Fourth Official also deputizes as a Center- or Assistant-

Referee should they become injured or otherwise unable

to continue during a match. Beyond keeping an extra set of

eyeballs on play, the Fourth Official also serves as a verbal

abuse whipping boy for disgruntled managers in their

technical area, as well as conducting substitutions and

keeping track of added time. All referees are in constant

communication during play, and usually employ a radio

system to talk to one another during a match.

Rule 7: Duration of the Match

Universally, matches consist of two halves of 45

minutes. Regular season games can end in a tie

after 90 minutes, but in knockout competitions,

like the US Open Cup and the USL Playoffs a winner

must be decided. Overtime (called “Extra Time”

in soccer) consists of two 15 minute halves. If the

game is still tied, the game goes to Penalties, lined

out in Rules 10 and 14. Since the clock never stops

running in soccer, time is added at the end of each

half for stoppages for substitutions, time wasting

(a gamesmanship tactic), disciplinary sanctions or

other major stoppages.

Rule 8: Start and Restart of Play

Halves are commenced by a kick off from the center

spot of the match, and restarts after goals are taken

from the center spot as well, taken by the team that

just conceded.

Rule 9: The Ball in and Out of Play

In Soccer, the lines on the field are considered in

bounds for the area they demarcate. The ball has

to completely pass over the line to be out, either

on the ground or in the air, a decision chiefly made

by the ARs.

Rule 10: Determining the Outcome of the Match

Goals are awarded by the Center Referee after

the ball passes completely over the goal line, as

illustrated when the ref points to the center of

the pitch.

Regular season matches in any league are over

after 90 minutes, whether there is a winner or not.

For knockout games, the team with the most goals

at the end of Regulation or Extra Time wins, but if

the game is tied after 120 minutes, Penalties must

decide the game. Teams alternate shots from the

Penalty Mark (the spot 12 yards from the goal)

unless the competition has specified otherwise

(some competitions employ the A-B-B-A order

to negate any advantage that could be had by the

alternating nature of shots) and the best of five

shots, wins. Should the teams remain tied after five

shots, it goes to a round by round “sudden death”

format. The pressure is on the penalty taker to

convert the shot, as they require great anticipation

and a healthy dose of luck to save, and shootouts

rarely go beyond the first five rounds of shots.

Rule 11: Offside

Probably the single most difficult decision in the

game, offside offenses are almost exclusively

identified by an Assistant Referee. The rule was

installed to keep players in check and not “cherry

pick” in front of opponents goals, and has evolved to

both a lightning rod for video replay advocates and

excuse for beleaguered managers. In the simplest

terms, any attacking player between the second-tolast

defender and the goal is in an offside position.

For an advanced attacking player to legally receive

the ball, they must be either:

A. I n their own defensive half, or

B . E ither in front of, or in line with the secondto-

last member of the defending team at the

moment the ball is played

Essentially, a player cannot be passed the ball if

they are between last defender of the defending

team and the goal, BUT they can be level with the

second-to-last defender.

Additionally, if an attacking player is in an offside

position and doesn’t interfere with play and a

goal is scored, no rule has been infringed upon.

If an attacking player is in an offside position and

interferes with play (like screening the goalkeeper,

for instance), then they are offside, and the goal is


The signal for offside is given by the Assistant

Referee when they hold their flag straight up in

the air to alert the Center Referee, then holding

it in front of them. To restart play after an offside

offense, the referee awards an indirect free kick to

the defending team (that’s to come).

Rule 12: Fouls and Misconduct

The following is a list of fouls in the game. They are

interpreted differently by different referees, and

also their enforcement changes significantly from

league to league and country to country. England

has a history of a physical game, where the Spanish

appreciate more style over substance. As the law

goes, a Free Kick is awarded if an opponent commits

any of the following offenses:

A. Charges (running shoulder to shoulder in an

aggressive manner)

B . jumps at

C. kicks or attempts to kick

D . P ushes

E . strikes or attempts to strike

(including head-butt)

F. tackles or challenges

G . trips or attempts to trip

H. handles the ball deliberately (except for the

goalkeeper within their penalty area)

I . holds an opponent

J . impedes an opponent with contact

K . spits at an opponent

If you stand with a supporter during a match and

you see a referee whistle after a slide tackle, you

will hear some version of the refrain “they got the

ball!” While slide tackles and challenges are part of

the game, they must be going for the ball- not the

player. It is erroneously assumed that if a player

gets the ball, they have carte Blanche to take out the

player as well. This is simply not the case, as many

considerations are taken into account by the referee

around judging challenges, with speed, position,

where the challenging player made contact with the

player in possession, among other things.

In addition to awarding a Free Kick, a referee can

award a yellow card (a caution) for a foul judged

to be reckless in nature, and a red card (a sending

off) for fouls judged to be dangerous or employing

excessive use of force. Should a player earn two

yellows, they will then be shown a red after their

second yellow card offense. If a player is sent off,

they cannot be replaced and their team has to play

down a player for the duration of the match.

Cards will also be issued in the case of what are

informally referred to as “professional fouls,” or

fouls that deliberately break up an attacking team’s

forward play if the defending team are caught out

of position or undermanned. If there is a covering

player between a defender, an attacker, and the

goal, a foul only warrants a yellow card. If the fouling

defender is the last man before the goalie, however,

expect a straight red card to be shown.

As with Offside offenses, handling situations often

find themselves being a point of contention, as

it’s largely a judgement call from the Referee. It’s

a matter of identifying whether the ball is moving

toward the hand or arm, or if the player moves their

hand or arm to intercept the path of the ball, while

taking into account whether the player’s hand was

in a “natural position.” Depending on the situation, a

player may find themselves sent off for deliberately

handling the ball.

There are other procedural fouls, like time wasting

and illegal substitutions, which can also be awarded

with a yellow card.

Rule 13: Free Kicks

For all infringements listed in the law previous, a

Direct Free Kick is awarded, meaning that the ball

can directly be scored from the Free Kick. There are

also Indirect Free Kicks, meaning that the ball must

touch another player before it can be scored.

Indirect Free Kicks are awarded after an Offside

offense and for Playing in a Dangerous Manner,

which includes preventing nearby players from

playing the ball. An example of this is a “high kick,”

which is not an inherently illegal action, but becomes

illegal when it either causes a player to react to the

kick (an Indirect Free Kick) or if it makes contact

with an opponent (a Direct Free Kick).

Rule 14: The Penalty Kick

Penalties are taken from the penalty mark, which

is 12 yards from the center of the goal. During play,

they’re awarded for Direct Free Kick fouls within

the Penalty Area. We’ve already covered this pretty

comprehensively, but another detail is that during a

penalty kick, the goalkeeper must stay on the goal

line, and for penalties taken during regulation and

extra time, players can enter the box as soon as the

kick taker touches the ball.

Rule 15: The Throw-In

For restarting play after the ball goes out over a

sideline, the team opposite of the one that played it

out is awarded a throw-in. For the player throwing

the ball in, they must

A. K eep both feet on the ground outside

the touchline

B . T hrow the ball in with both hands, starting

behind the head

Players cannot be offside if they receive the ball

directly from a Throw-In, Goal Kick, or a Corner Kick.

Rule 16: The Goal Kick

For restarting play after an attacking team played

the ball over a defending team’s endline, the

goalkeeper plays it outside of the penalty area (18

yard box) from any point within their goal area (6

yard box)

Rule 17: The Corner Kick

After the defending team plays the ball over their

own endline, the attacking team is awarded a corner

kick, taken from the corner closest to the point

where the ball exited play. Although a goal can be

scored from a corner(called an “Olympico”), it’s

exceedingly rare and quite difficult.

That is the streamlined version of the rules of soccer,

as detailed by the International Football Association

Board. Rules and their interpretations are quite

nuanced and are tweaked from year to year, and

although the rules themselves do not change that

much, they will come under more scrutiny as the tide

of VAR (Video Assistant Referee) sweeps through the

world’s game in the very imminent future.


Breakfast Buffet

Lesley’s Homestyle Cafe & Catering

By Angie Fenton

I grew up in a small town and have

always loved locally-owned restaurants that embrace “downhome

cooking” – added bonus if that also means including

a bit of healthy fare on the menu, too. So, when friend Paul

Kiger invited me and my family to New Middletown, Indiana,

to enjoy breakfast at Lesley’s Homestyle Cafe & Catering, we

were all in.

The drive from New Albany took a little more than 20 minutes

and was beautiful, especially once we got off I-64 West. (If

you opt to take the Ohio River Scenic Byway, the drive is even

prettier and will only take about 30 minutes.)

The town may be small – population 93, according to the

2010 census – but the hospitality offered to visitors looms

large. We were warmly greeted at Lesley’s Homestyle Cafe &

Catering by employees and our fellow diners. Owner Lesley

McPhillips (who also happens to be Paul’s sister) and her team

are visible from the dining room as they whip up all kinds of

goodies, wash dishes and greet guests. Known for her catering,

there are lots of us who are thankful she decided to open up a

brick ’n‘ mortar eatery.

My husband, our 2-year-old and I enjoyed the Breakfast

Buffet ($8.50), which had a variety of dishes, including fluffy

eggs, biscuits, sausage gravy, perfectly cooked bacon and

fresh fruit, among other items. Everything was delicious and

freshly made. Now, despite the fact that it was morning and

far too early for dessert – plus, I’d done a decent job of eating

healthfully – I ordered a slice of the Strawberry Delight Cake

($2.75) anyway because I’d been told it was a can’t-miss sweet

made with love by Linda Windell (Lesley and Paul’s mother).

That couldn’t be truer. Try the cake.

Lesley’s Homestyle Cafe & Catering is open 11 a.m. to 8 p.m.

Tuesday, 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. Friday and Saturday and 8 a.m. to 4

p.m. Sunday. The breakfast buffet is served 8 a.m. to 12 p.m.

Saturday and Sunday. Keep an eye on the Facebook page to stay

up-to-date on the happenings. Recent highlights have included

ribeye steak dinners cooked however you please, Taco Tuesday,

a Friday night seafood bar and an Italian-themed menu.

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Do you have a favorite dish at a Southern Indiana

restaurant that you can’t wait to share with others? Send an

email detailing why to extol@extolmag.com and put “The

Cheat Sheet” as the subject.

Lesley’s Homestyle Cafe & Catering

3975 Main St.

New Middletown, Indiana


@cateringlesley on Facebook